Practically all the Asian countries at present consider or reconsider their views as regards the gambling games industry. In the first turn, it is connected with the fact that the profit obtained from a casino and other gambling establishments in those states where they are legalized is constantly growing which provides the budget with the necessary cash means and increases thus the tourist attractiveness of these countries.
Asians spend on games of chance approximately 14 milliard US dollars per year. It includes both a casino game and stakes for races, totalizators and lotteries as well as all sorts of illegal bets. In 2010 it is expected that they will spend 23 milliard US dollars annually. In the first place, interest in gambling games on the part of Asians is determined by their disposition, mentality of the nations. Playing a game of chance they not only try to win money – they check their luck, fortune, destiny. Fast-growing economics of Asian countries, swell in population (especially in China), growth of tourist activity are also responsible for growing demand for gambling games.
The state authorities are well aware of it all. The industry of gambling games is profitable for them not only as a revenue side of the budget as well as workplaces for citizens, additional attraction for tourists. Speaking of Macao, a Chinese enclave, where casinos are legal and are the authorities’ principal income, more than 10 million tourists who arrive with the main objective to play, spend money still not only on gambling entertainments but also on the rest of the related services. It is also a significant advantage for the state. Nowadays a lot of people are sure that if casinos should be legalized then they must be full-scale entertainment centers – with shops, movies, restaurants, exhibitions and etc.
Anxiety as regards social woes which somehow or other are a consequence of gambling games prevents statesmen from any steps in connection with revision of the law about gambling business. Some governments would like to reduce negative social influence by limiting access of local residents to casinos and locating casinos in remote areas. However, this, according to expert opinion, is not a way out of the situation, since venturesome Asians will simply play in clandestine gambling establishments.
Which does happen successfully in those countries where the harshest laws are established regarding gambling business. Or there is always an opportunity to get to a neighboring country and leave money there. Thailand is particularly illustrative here, casinos are prohibited there, so right at the border on the territory of neighboring Cambodia, about 20 casinos await venturesome Thais.
The supporters of legalization of casinos as well as other forms of gambling games state that people having problems with gambling games have actually got them. In fact, having legalized casinos the problems will come to the surface. And this, of course, is better than unawareness of what is going on.
To understand what influence gambling business has on the population a lot of Asian countries did research in the course of the recent years, representatives of authority went to world centers of entertainment such as Las-Vegas and Atlantic-City to get personally reassured in the necessity and inevitability of casinos’ legalization. The Asian market of gambling games is claimed by practically all the leading casinos’ operators. These include both companies which own mega resorts in Las-Vegas and European, South-African and Australian firms.